Magura Cave

One of the few caves in Europe where prehistoric paintings can be seen is the Magura cave in Northern Bulgaria. The cave is also one of the biggest in the country with over 2500 m of discovered galleries. The largest hall of the cave has colossal dimensions - 128 m length, more than 50 m width and 20 m height. The Magura cave has fantastic formations of stalactites (mineral formation that hangs from the ceiling of a cave), stalagmites (upward-growing mound of mineral deposits that have precipitated from water dripping onto the floor of a cave) and stalagnates (column from the ceiling to the floor of a cave formed when a stalactite and a stalagmite meet or when a stalactite reaches the floor).

Some of these formations are impressive with their beauty and size. “The Big Column” is over 20 m high and has a diameter of 4 m at its base. “The Fallen Pine” is the biggest stalagmite in the Bulgarian caves explored till now. It is over 11 m long and has a diameter of 6m at its base.

But what makes the cave unique are the prehistoric stone paintings done in bat guano. They are multi layered and come from different epochs - The Paleolith, The Neolith, The Chalcolith, the beginning of The Early Bronze Age. The oldest paintings are 7000 years old. There are over 750 paintings representing religious rituals, hunting scenes, animals, etc. In one of the halls a Solar calendar was discovered that dates back to the Late Chalcolith and the Early Bronze age. The calendar is divided in 10 months and 366 days. The winter and summer solstice and the spring and autumn equinox are also indicated.

published by:
Divine - Bulgaria

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